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运行Maven是报错:No goals have been specified for this build

点滴 admin 3年前 (2016-05-18) 2000次浏览 已收录 扫描二维码

No goals have been specified for this build. You must specify a valid lifecycle phase or a goal in the format <plugin-prefix>:<goal> or <plugin-group-id>:<plugin-artifact-id>[:<plugin-version>]:<goal>. Available lifecycle phases are: validate, initialize, generate-sources, process-sources, generate-resources, process-resources, compile, process-classes, generate-test-sources, process-test-sources, generate-test-resources, process-test-resources, test-compile, process-test-classes, test, prepare-package, package, pre-integration-test, integration-test, post-integration-test, verify, install, deploy, pre-clean, clean, post-clean, pre-site, site, post-site, site-deploy. -> [Help 1]

pom.xml文件<build>标签里面加上<defaultGoal>compile</defaultGoal>即可

运行Maven是报错:No goals have been specified for this build

pom.xml


<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <groupId>demo-leyiwo</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-mvc-learning</artifactId>
    <packaging>war</packaging>
    <version>V1.0</version>

    <properties>
        <commons-lang.version>2.6</commons-lang.version>
        <slf4j.version>1.7.6</slf4j.version>
        <spring.version>4.1.3.RELEASE</spring.version>
        <jackson.version>2.5.4</jackson.version>
    </properties>


    <dependencyManagement>
        <dependencies>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-framework-bom</artifactId>
                <version>${spring.version}</version>
                <type>pom</type>
                <scope>import</scope>
            </dependency>
        </dependencies>
    </dependencyManagement>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-lang</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-lang</artifactId>
            <version>${commons-lang.version}</version>
        </dependency>


        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
            <version>${slf4j.version}</version>
            <exclusions>
                <exclusion>
                    <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
                    <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
                </exclusion>
            </exclusions>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
            <version>${slf4j.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
            <artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId>
            <version>2.5</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-fileupload</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-fileupload</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.1</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
            <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
            <version>${jackson.version}</version>
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.eclipse.jetty</groupId>
                <artifactId>jetty-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>9.2.2.v20140723</version>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
        <defaultGoal>compile</defaultGoal>
    </build>
    

</project>



 


web.xml

<!DOCTYPE web-app PUBLIC
 "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN"
 "http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-app_2_3.dtd" >
<web-app>
  <display-name>Archetype Created Web Application</display-name>
<servlet>
    <servlet-name>mvc-dispatcher</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
    <!-- DispatcherServlet对应的上下文配置,默认为/WEB-INF/$servlet-name$-servlet.xml -->    
</servlet>
<init-param>
    <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
    <param-value>/WEB-INF/configs/mvc-dispatcher-servlet.xml</param-value>
</init-param>
<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
<servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>mvc-dispatcher</servlet-name>
    <!-- mvc-dispatcher拦截所有的请求 -->
    <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>
</web-app>





applicationContext.xml



<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
    xsi:schemaLocation="
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd">
    <context:annotation-config />
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.imooc.mvcdemo">
        <context:exclude-filter type="annotation"
            expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller" />
    </context:component-scan>
</beans>  





mvc-dispatcher-servlet.xml



<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
    xsi:schemaLocation="
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd">
    <!-- 本配置文件是工名为mvc-dispatcher的DispatcherServlet使用, 提供其相关的Spring MVC配置 -->
    <!-- 启用Spring基于annotation的DI, 使用户可以在Spring MVC中使用Spring的强大功能。 激活 @Required 
        @Autowired,JSR 250’s @PostConstruct, @PreDestroy and @Resource 等标注 -->
    <context:annotation-config />
    <!-- DispatcherServlet上下文, 只管理@Controller类型的bean, 忽略其他型的bean, 如@Service -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.imooc.mvcdemo">
        <context:include-filter type="annotation"
            expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller" />
    </context:component-scan>
    <!-- HandlerMapping, 无需配置, Spring MVC可以默认启动。 DefaultAnnotationHandlerMapping 
        annotation-driven HandlerMapping -->
    <!-- 扩充了注解驱动,可以将请求参数绑定到控制器参数 -->
    <mvc:annotation-driven />
    <!-- 静态资源处理, css, js, imgs -->
    <mvc:resources mapping="/resources/**" location="/resources/" />
    <!-- 配置ViewResolver。 可以用多个ViewResolver。 使用order属性排序。 InternalResourceViewResolver放在最后。 -->
    <bean
        class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.ContentNegotiatingViewResolver">
        <property name="order" value="1" />
        <property name="mediaTypes">
            <map>
                <entry key="json" value="application/json" />
                <entry key="xml" value="application/xml" />
                <entry key="htm" value="text/html" />
            </map>
        </property>
        <property name="defaultViews">
            <list>
                <!-- JSON View -->
                <bean
                    class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.json.MappingJackson2JsonView">
                </bean>
            </list>
        </property>
        <property name="ignoreAcceptHeader" value="true" />
    </bean>
    <bean
        class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="viewClass"
            value="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.JstlView" />
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/jsps/" />
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp" />
    </bean>
    <!--200*1024*1024即200M resolveLazily属性启用是为了推迟文件解析,以便捕获文件大小异常 -->
    <bean id="multipartResolver"
        class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver">
        <property name="maxUploadSize" value="209715200" />
        <property name="defaultEncoding" value="UTF-8" />
        <property name="resolveLazily" value="true" />
    </bean>
</beans> 
 

Maven命令创建一个Maven项目

mvn archetype:generate -DgroupId=demo-leyiwo -DartifactId=spring-mvc-learning -DarchetypeArtifactId=maven-archetype-webapp

运行Maven是报错:No goals have been specified for this build

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